Stigos

TRAINING IN BONE INDUSTRY ANALYSIS

STIGOS - Analysis of osseous material working
Identification, characterization and representation of technical stigmata

Doctoral training courses
ED 355 - Espaces, Cultures, Sociétés (Univ. Provence, France)
ED 112 - Archéologie, Anthropologie, Ethnologie, Préhistoire (Univ. Paris1, France)
ED 327 -Temps, Espaces, sociétés, Culture (Univ. Toulouse LeMirail, France)


KEYWORDS
OSSEOUS MATERIAL (BONE, DENTIN, ANTLER) WORKING, PRINCIPALS OF ANALYSIS AND OBSERVATION OF TECHNICAL STIGMATA ON OSSEOUS REMAINS, TECHNIQUES, METHODS AND ACTIONS OF PREHISTORIC TRANSFORMATIONS.

SUBJECT
Technical stigmata: the foundation of technological analysis
The interaction of the three parameters that define a technique—mode of action, tool and gesture—are materialized in the form of a characteristic stigmata on the worked material. The identification of these stigmata on the remains of an osseous industry thus lead to the detection of the techniques employed and constitutes the cornerstone of all technological analysis.

PROGRAM
The primary goal of this course is to train students to recognize technical stigmata and to transcribe their observations. The program is thus composed of several sections whose objectives are to:
- present the different techniques and the stigmata they generate;
- identify “generic” stigmata (fracture surface, removal scar, striation, groove, etc.) and their variations depending on the material worked and tools employed (flint, metal, etc.);
- observe these stigmata at different scales (naked eye, binocular magnifier, etc.);
- describe and analyze the stigmata identified (create a descriptive data sheet: which criteria to retain, for what purpose, following which research orientation);
- represent the stigmata: drawing (naturalistic and codified), computer graphics;
- exploit the data obtained concerning the stigmata (how to integrate the identification of stigmata and the techniques they represent into a global procedure).

TEACHER TEAM
Directed by A. Averbouh (CNRS TRACES) et M. Christensen (MC UP1 ArScAn). Other participants : V. Feruglio (Ch ArScAn), N. Goutas (CNRS ArScAn), B. Marquebielle (Doct. TRACES), L. Manca (Doct. LAMPEA), J.-M.Pétillon (CNRS TRACES), J.-M.Tejero (Univ. Barcelona et ArScAN).

Number of participants : 14 (maximum)
One session per year (3 days in autumn).
For PHD and Master students from France and other countries.
Lectures in French, analysis and tutorials can be done in English, Spanish, Italian, Danish if needed.
Contact us : et Christensen Marianne.Christensen@univ-paris1.fr